Payload CMS Introduction
Payload is a developer-first headless CMS and application framework. It is built to finally give developers a better choice in the world of CMS. From documentation to design, Payload is crafted from the ground-up to save engineers time and effort while building the backend and admin panel for websites, native apps, ecommerce, SaaS, and any other product that needs to manage content. Payload is changing the CMS status quo—working to give developers the tools they want to build the CMS they need, all in clean and well-structured code.
Out of the box, Payload gives you a lot of the things that you often need when developing a new website, web app, or native app:
- A Mongo database to store your data
- A way to store, retrieve, and manipulate data of any shape via full REST and GraphQL APIs
- Authentication—complete with commonly required functionality like registration, email verification, login, & password reset
- Deep access control to your data, based on document or field-level functions
- File storage and access control
- A beautiful admin UI that’s generated specifically to suit your data
And just recently, Payload is moving to a completely open source and totally free MIT licensing model. From this point on, Payload is now completely free for projects of any shape or size.
Why using Payload CMS anyway?
By default, it is very simple and clean with no distortions and you are free to change it completely as it is fully customizable. Payload’s config file gives you the power to make Payload look any way you want just by exchanging the built-in React components with the ones of your choice.
In addition to swapping default views in the UI such as dashboard and account, it is also possible to replace components that help pick and visualize the content-type field values.
Having a field in which color needs to be selected? Provide a custom color picker component and boost the editing experience.
And furthermore, payload provides REST and GraphQL APIs, which are auto-generated based on the collections defined in the configuration file. There is also a local API that can be useful when using a server-side rendering framework such as NextJS so you no longer need to make a request to a third-party server in order to get data that needs to be displayed.
Authentication can be enabled on any data collection and that collection can then be thought of as a user. Payload provides a new set of operations on authentication-enabled collections which will provide login, logout, reset the password, and some other functions which are part of the general authentication flow that uses JWTs (JSON Web Token).
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